Side one gen. Side two cons. Very small lbl. Guelph, Canada, Guelph, Johnsons career began in in operetta. After considerable success in this area, as well as in concert and oratorio, Johnson was heard by Caruso in , who suggested that he study for opera in Italy. From through he appeared at the Met in leading tenor roles ranging from Pellas through Rhadames and then, through , served as the Mets General Manager. Cardiff, Wales, San Antonio, Jordan was a member of the. She also sang leading roles with the Boston Opera debut in and the N.
Century Opera and was a soloist with major U. Popular as a recitalist, she toured China, Japan, Java and the Philippines during the period as well as having sung throughout the U.
She later appeared on the radio and taught. Likely she sang this at a program given there and the disc was later given as a souvenir of the event.
The back states Dinner given to the Board of Directors of the Montauk Club of Brooklyn by the President and then a listing of 24 names. Mary Jordan made no other lateral recordings and, I believe, only two Edison cylinders.
The recording date for this is 16 March From he was a leading tenor with the Berlin Hofoper and from he also sang leading roles with the Metropolitan Opera. During this period, his wife, soprano Elsa Jrn-Becker, became enamored of a Berlin dentist and asked for a divorce, which the tenor allowed.
She subsequently became disenchanted and sought to reconcile, but Jrn refused and advised the press, "I shall live for art alone. According to one account, he soon after lost his fortune through speculation and retired to Denver as a singing teacher.
Invited by Johanna Gadski to join her German Opera Company in , the professionally all but forgotten Jrn was able to resuscitate his career through acclaimed performances as Tristan. After the death of Gadski in , he returned to Denver and continued his teaching work. Rubs, but little sign of wear. Very nice copy. Beautiful copy. A February 5, issue of Musical America indicated the importance of Journet to the Victor Company by describing his travel from Paris to Camden just to make records, the most unique trip ever made by any singer.
Despite it being the height of the Paris Opra season, he was granted a special leave by the directors to come to America to fill an engagement with the Victor company for the sole purpose of making records of concerted arias [sic] in conjunction with Caruso, Geraldine Farrar and other famous artists. While the basso was here the company availed itself of the opportunity to remake all [sic] of the old records of Journets solos.
A few years later he made a similar trip, but some special engagements were arranged with the Chicago Opera in conjunction with his recording activities to make his trip even more lucrative. His career continued unabated until the year of his death. Journets son, also Marcel Journet and looking very much like his father, was an actor on both the French stage and in American and French films. Side two announced. Side one small internal harmless patina, otherwise cons. Side two some LGTs, 3. With Chorus while the two earlier takes have no chorus.
Red Victor The second take 4, 15 Jan. Only form of issue. A plate Red Victor Note that side one is a Victor recording and item , below, a French Gram. Some LGTs side one, 3. Side two 2. Both first and only editions. Side two bears Victor catalogue number in the matrix, but it never appeared. Never on Victor. Few LGTs, 2. Dog Mon. Few LGTs, otherwise very clean cons. Second 14 Jan. Second issued take of three. Never doubled or otherwise issued.
First issue, Re-made One TB, cons. Second of two issued takes, this recorded 1 Feb. With Met. A plate Victor Probably the rarest of his Victors and a beautiful copy as well. Another unusually scarce Journet.
Vinyl Victor mat. Z Shellac Vla Superb copy of one of Journets finest recordings. Very scarce electric. IRCC Isidore Luckstone. Label signed by Mme. Vienna, -? Jungbauer was active in Mannheim, Hamburg and the Vienna Volksoper. From she toured Belgium with an operetta company headed by Eduard Lichtenstein. She apparently made some concert appearances in the U. A very strange letter in the collection of Gregor Benko exists from an apparent American agent Willliam Neill?
Last name difficult to decipher from my copy to Jungbauer in He acknowledges having received her letters and filthy postcards addressed to him care of one Miss Zoe Lynex. He further states, If I do not receive your money which you owe I shall cancel all the contracts for next season. Furthermore you will have to guarantee to keep your filthy mouth shut about my mother, who is a finer woman than any of your whole Viennese women put together. He further labels her as being a gutter snipe and an uneducated sex-mad woman.
This was obviously one unhappy manager! Whatever happened probably brought Jungbauers U. Nothing seems to be known of her subsequently. It has been suggested that she perished in a concentration camp. Russia, Switzerland, Her success was immediate. In she was given the title role in the Berlin premiere of Janaceks Jenufa, its success doing much to establish Janaceks international career.
While vacationing in Switzerland, she took poison during a fit of melancholy and threw herself into a glacial stream. Despite her short life, she managed to make several recordings. Parlophone E. PW Fr. Akt Azucena-Manrico Verdi. Rare late acoustic. Superficial rubbing, just about 3. HMV [c]. Kanders was born in California of Russian-Belgian parents. Her debut, according to one clipping, was at the age of 18 at the Strasbourg Opera where she sang principal roles for three seasons.
She was then engaged by the Brussels Opera and received flattering offers from Dresden and Munich, but with the outbreak of the War in she returned to the U. Here she was with the Metropolitan Opera one season and gave concerts, notably at Carnegie Hall. Side one in Italian, side two in German. Envelope includes a number of clippings on Kanders, some of the information excerpted above. Three SBs one side one, two side two , few rubs, cons. Lithuanian songs.
Side two just about Kiepura alternated the role of Calaf with Tauber at the Vienna premiere run. Recorded May 11, Metal parts for Kings 10 discs no longer exist. This is the only copy of this Ive ever seen. Side two small lbl. Odeon test mat. Beautifully sung. Signed and dated by Kipnis Berlin, August Untrimmed test. Only known copy. A very. Two small PBs side one, lt. Arthur Bergh. Superb pressing in mint condition. Vienna, In the latter he appeared as Bacchus in the revised version of Strausss Ariadne auf Naxos.
Side one superficial rubs, just about Chicago, Los Angeles, CA, Of this introduction to New York, the N. Times reviewer wrote, [He] held a large audience completely under the spell of a remarkable voice and personality.
He has a full, resonant voice of great power and range. Sometimes it descended to the deep notes of a basso; yet time and again it produced a high, floating tone of which a tenor might have been proud. While he never appeared in opera, he had a solid career in oratorio and as as a guest soloist with orchestras and at festivals. He apparently left New York in and according to one source returned to California, where he had sung and taught prior to his New York debut. Perhaps his most notable pupil was soprano Marni Nixon, who failed to mention him in her recent book.
Harry R. Vienna, Vienna, Her operatic debut was in Linz, She was soon recruited by Mahler for the Vienna Opera where she remained a leading artist until Her repertoire included a wide variety of roles, mostly in the lyric or coloratura areas.
She was in the Vienna premieres of several operas, including Li in Turandot and Ighino in Pfitzners Palestrina She also appeared in Salzburg and South America with great success. Studied at St. Upon graduating she moved to New York and studied with Herbert Witherspoon. She also registered with a choir agency and was called to substitute for a pregnant Lucy Marsh at the Madison Avenue Reformed Church. The tenor Harry Macdonough? It was successful and she was put under exclusive contract. Shortly after this she was booked by the Wolfson Bureau.
She toured frequently as an assisting artist to Chaliapin, SchumannHeink, Zimbalist, Amato and others and was a soloist with most of the major U. While offered an opportunity to sing at the Met, she preferred church, concert and oratorio work. In a interview with Merritt Malvern, Kline stated that her nickname was Ollie and that she smoked Parliament Cigarettes something I cant quite picture her doing. Very uncommon. Side one piano acc. Good pressing. This record was listed in the auction and it caused much.
The winner, however, is disposing of his collection and has decided to part with it. The recording was made in Russia Kiev in and is virtually unknown.
Side two just about 3. Tiny ND side two two or three ticks , otherwise cons. Vinyl Vla mat. Unpublished take. Unpublished version in Russian issued version in French.
CVE A. CVE B. Vinyl Vla. CVE [B. Celius Dougherty side one. Self-accompanied side two. Very rare single issue, not part of the Schirmer set. The other of her two single issue Schirmers. Excellent copy, couple TBs, cons. Oslo, He made his debut as a concert singer in and then studied with, among others, Peter Cornelius in Copenhagen.
He was heard in opera in Oslo and elsewhere in Scandinavia and as a recitalist in Berlin, Barcelona and America in two successful U. Krogh later taught. Vr Recorded in U. Recorded in Europe. Biliavynisi, Ukraine, Lviv, She studied at the Lviv Conservatory with Wysocki, graduating from there in This was followed by a period of study in Milan with Fausta Crespi, and she then appeared in Cremona for the season, singing in Manon Lescaut Puccini and Les Huguenots.
Following several seasons in Russia, she returned to Italy in as Krusceniski and for a number of years had an extremely important career there, creating Madama Butterfly in the revised Brescia version, , and appearing as both Salome and Elektra in the respective La Scala premieres of these Strauss operas. She was also a favorite in South America. Her repertoire included many Italian roles, such as Aida, Tosca, and Adriana Lecouvreur, as well as a full range of Wagner heroines including Brnnhilde.
She was, in addition to her voice, noted for her physical beauty, acting ability and fiery stage temperament. In later years she was a successful recitalist. She returned to Lviv in and taught voice at the Conservatory there from until her death.
Bright label. Couple LGTs high notes , otherwise extremely clean, cons. Excellent pressings. Krusceniski was the Butterfly of the revised and successful version of the opera Teatro Grande, Brescia, 28 May Excellent early 30s pressing.
Clemens Schmalstich. Both piano acc. Uncredited assisting artists are, according to the Columbia files, Meredith Willson [flute] and Arthur Bergh [pianist]. HMV [b]. First issue. Inherent harmless pressing indentations. Unusually clean. Con [h]. Very minor lbl. Few LGTs cause occasional slight edginess very forward , otherwise just about Trill side one is close to a half-minute. First rate original. Both in Italian. Later 20s elec. Ich liebte Mozart. Fine pressing. Kwartin gave his first public concert in , subsequently concertizing throughout Europe and.
We awoke to find our boat lying quietly by the Quay in Belfast. We have breakfast on the boat, and about 8 o'c are joined by Mr. We give our luggage in charge of the hotel porter, and we ride to the Royal Avenue Hotel, in the typical Irish conveyance of the jarvie cart, a two-wheeled car in which the passengers sit back-to- back riding sideways.
These fellows, called Jarvies, are even worse than the London cabbie. They will always con- test the fee. The day was typical of the usual Belfast weather, misty, cloudy, and showers at frequent intervals. We did very little work, only engaged our accompanist, Mr.
That night we spent in the company of our agant, Mr. There is little to see in Belfast: being a new city and business centre it has few places of interest. Its industries are linen and shipbuilding. Here is the centre of the famous Irish Linen industry. In the Belfast shipyards was built the new steamer of the White Star Line, the Oceanic, the largest vessel in the world. It was supposed that we were to make records of Irish music, but we find most of the singers who present themselves are of Scotch extraction, and they refuse to sing Irish songs.
In fact there are very few good singers at all in this city. Music, paper, gasoline 2s. Thomas 6s. We passed a very slow day, only making a few trials of very poor artists. In the evening we went to the Opera House and saw a very poor musical comedy. We sat in the pit for a shilling. Dighton Mahood 3s. Gibson 13s. Our work was a little brisker, and made records of a fairly good comedian, a Mr. That evening we went to Bangor, a small watering resort and village some 15 miles outside of Belfast on the Belfast Lock.
Here we had tea and took a little walk along the coast Returning to the band-stand, we had the pleasure of hearing a concert by a kilted Highland band. There were 20 pipers attached to the band. The pipers gen- erally played their selection walking at a brisk gait. We met Gibson here, and all four returned to Belfast and finished out the evening at the Empire Music Hall. Kelly Plates polished 12s. We arose and had an early breakfast, and hopped on a jarvie and drove to the R. Here we booked to the Giant's Causeway.
Our way led through some very pretty scenery. The green pastures and hills were especially fresh-looking. Here we disembark from the train, and enter a tram car which takes us directly to the Causeway or more correctly to the small village of Bushmills 8 miles distant. The track of the train follows the coast line and some magnificent sights are afforded by the great waves beating and lashing the rugged rocks of the shore. The waves have worn the rocks in many curious shapes, such as windows, arches, caves, faces, etc.
We pass the very picturesque and romantic fortress Dunluce, built right into the sea on a high promontory. The castle dates back into the 14 th century, and is separated from the mainland by a chasm 20 feet wide.
In the 16th century, the servants quarters was undermined by the waves one stormy night, and the entire section - servants and all - were precipitated into the furious waters below. On reaching the Causeway, we first had lunch in the hotel, and securing a guide, we pay 6d. We are first taken to the cave, and shown the long tunnel, ft.
This ie better seen and approached by boat from the sea, but today was so wild and stormy that it was unsafe, so we approached the cave and entered by a small outlet by land. From the cave we went to the Causeway. This is divided in three sections: the little Causeway, the Great Causeway, and the Middle Causeway, and consist of rocky pillars of symmetrical shape formed by some freak of nature.
Only one column of 8 sides is known to exist. Their sides are level and flat, and the column is not a continuous stick, but is made up of sections; and these sections, when separated, will be one concave and the other end convex. There are some 20, pillars. This wish is said to fall within a year.
The land and rocks all around seem to take all kinds of fantastic shapes. The guide will point out a rock that looks like a bear, or an old woman's face, or a harp the Giant's Harp , the Giant Is Organ, and at another point the coast is so hollowed out and then walled around by these steep columns similar to the columns in the Causeway that the place resembles an amphitheatre.
Also a fantastic rock is the Giant's chimney. Not far away is what is called the Spanish Bay where one of the Spanish Armada was cast on a rock and wrecked.
The day was a wild and stormy one, and this made the sight more grand and inspiring. One could sit for hours and watch the furious billows rush up against the rocks and dash into foam and mist.
We took a number of photographs. Whitley of Manchester attached himself to our party and proved an interesting companion. Today we made records of more bum artists, and kept ourselves pretty busy. We finished out packing, and spent the evening in hotel writing. The country we passed through was not particularly grand, but of the fresh, quiet, rural sort that was very pleasing.
We reached Dublin at 2 o' c after a ride of miles. We all jumped into a jarvie cart Mr. Bohanna met us at the station and we drove to the Central Hotel.
Here we had troubles of all kinds. We could not use the rooms 18 9 9 Bohanna had arranged for, and we had to move downstairs into the drawing room. That evening we went to see"The Greek Slave", and was delighted by a very good product- ion. Maud Boyd and Marie Studholm were especially good. Miss E. Rec'd from Co. Morning fresh troubles arose. After connecting up our motor, we discovered the current was not high enough to drive it, so we had to make arrangements to move to the stock-rooms across the street, where we could obtain suitable current.
During all this time we were visited by different artists for trials, and a poor, conceited lot they were too. The town boasts of very few good artists. About this time we made the acquaintance of Mrs. They happened to mention that Miss Boyd was to take dinner with them tomorrow, and I made them promise to bring Miss Boyd over to make a record. Pigott, our agent's son, was a frequent visitor, as well as all our other agents, Cahill, Waterhouse, etc.
Watson 10 Morgan A very disappointing day from a. Miss Boyd did not appear during the day; but on going to dinner that evening I discovered the whole crowd of them in the dining room.
Whenthey arose to go, I followed them and reminded them of their promise, and after a good lot of coaxing they followed me over. Miss Boyd proved a charming lady with a grand, big voice. Medlicot, played her accompaniment.
Cardiff miles from London, pop. More bum artists. Music Hall at night, and secured Cheevers to sing for us in the morning. Cox 5 Md. Ross 11 O'Connell 4 Sat. We had Cheevers and a character, Pat Kinscella, a jolly, witty Irishman of the typical sort.
The latter must have been nearing the end of his career by this time That evening Miss Boyd heard her record and was delight ed with it. After dinner we strolled through the crowded streets watching the people. Pat Kinscella 10 o'c Cheevers 2 pm Band 3 to 5 Sun. In morning we made a few records of Cheevers and entertained the girls in the "lab" by photo and music, 18 9 9 and had a good old time.
In the afternoon we went for a trolley ride to Dalky, 8 miles distant. The trolley follows the coast, or bay line, and passes through some pretty villages and by some very fine castles and resi- dences. At Dalky we ascended the hill near-by the ruin of an old castle. Here we had a very fine view of the bay, which looks very much like the Bay of Naples, with a Mt. Vesusvius rising on the opposite shore. It is a large granite pile. We also passed the Christ Cathedral, which is alsc a very imposing structure.
In getting to the Cathedral, we paased through a wretched, poverty-stricken section of the city. Sunday morning is a sort of Bazaar day for these people, and the streets were crowded with ragged bare-footed children, men, and women. We decided to make our exit from Dublin.
We made records up to 5. After a very smooth passage, considering the usual roughness of the Irish channel, we reached Holyhead by l. The distance is 69 miles. We have a few hours wait-over, so we go out to see the sights of the old and quaint town of Chester. Chester is one of the few cities with its walls standing complete, as built by the Romans.
The circuit of the walls is 2 miles round. We visited the old Chester Cath- edral, built or started in 11th. It is of red sandstone, and this gives the interior a very brilliant effect. We visited the museum, wherein are exhibited old Roman and Saxon relics discov- ered in the neighborhood, such as crockery, trinklets, coins, jewellry, stone carvings.
Now we paas down the old streets, containing the old houses of the Early English period. Chester people pride themselves on these old houses, with their elaborate wood-carved and latticed fronts, with the upper storeys overhanging the pavement below, forming a sort of arcade.
The ground floor is used as shops. The old houses are numerous, and date back to the 15th and 16th century. We made a on the wall, which is about 10 ft.
We put up at the Park Hotel. Hotel, tips, cab, telegram, sundries 18s. Paper, acids, solder, sundries 6s. We had a great trouble in setting up plant on acco of current. That night we 1 went to see a very miserable performance of "The Greek Slave" at the Royal. Took records of Mr. Miller and Miss Wedlake. Went hear Albert Chevalier in Park Hall. More records of Miller and went over to Cardiff Castle. The walls of this fortress have recently been discovered and are being carefully rest- ored.
Foundations are 13 ft. Miller who has charge of the stonework, took us over the magnif- icent grounds and park. I cannot describe the beauty and romance of the spot with its tall, big trees set off with castle towers and long stretches of level green fields. We went over the castle and were struck with the regal splendor of decorations, grand stairway, banqueting hall, smoking room. His Lordship owns nearly the entirety of Cardiff, and miles of the surrounding country.
He is. That evening I went to engage some of the music hall artistes, and was intro - duced to the husband of Marie Loftus and father of Cissy Loftus. Received from Co. Tips 10s. Hotel owing 5s. A busy day, between taking the Rhondda Male Choir and a few other artists, and getting packed up at both hotels. The members of the Rhondda Glee Choir are hardy colliers from the coal districts.
All are swarthy and of a small frame, but they take an absorbing interest in their music. They sing with great precision and show good drilling. In Wales there is at present a vocal prodigy craze among all classes. Eveiy dairy maid or collier's child is watched and studied in hopes that in him or her might exist a future Patti or de Reszke.
One great pleasure of the people are singing contests, where the singers contest for first and second medals. The Welsh language is not spoken so much in Cardiff and Swansea as it is in the country, where it still holds supremacy over the English.
Morality between sexes is spoken of as being at low ebb. Cardiff is a bustling, thriving town, supported principally by its shipping industries. It is the greatest port in the world for coal and iron. We left Cardiff on the 9. Here we put up for the night in a small hotel. October , We arose early to find to our dismay, the rain was pouring heavily.
Nevertheless we walked across the town to the Cathedral and entered. The Cathedral was originally erected in The present edifice embraces a good deal of the original structure, and is characterized by its exceptionally narrow, long choir. The building is ft. John Cabot sailed from this port with his exploring expedition and came to the continent of America. Bristol is noted for its great number of charitable ins- titutions. We took the 10 o'c train for Bath, and arrived there after a 20 minute ride.
Bath was at one time the most fashionable resort of England. It owes its existence to the wonderful hot springs of great medicinal properties. Lime carbonated waters. The spring yields daily half a million gallons. A private bath suite consists of three 1 1 8 9 9 three chambers, a plunge, spray needles, and a retiring couch. We saw the remainder of the old Roman Baths, and marvelled at the perfection to which they had reduced the science of using the spring for baths.
We saw the great Roman plunge basin. We visited the Abbey Church, called "the Lantern of England" because of its number of windows. We attended the service, and could not help but notice how bright and cheer ful the number of windows made the interior. The site of this church has been used since the 7th. Bath is a pretty, clean, pituresque city given up mostly to residences. The streets are laid out on the high hill like steps, and looking at Bath from a distance appears like tiers of an arena.
We spent a few hours around at the Horse Shoe. Were welcomed back by Mr. Owen and the rest of the Gramo. Took Burt Shepard Sat. Took Burt Shepard Sun. Sunday morning took a nice driv to the old ruins of an abbey.
This abbey connected with Windsor Castle by a subterranean passage 7 miles long. We returned to London and spent the evening very pleasant ly at Mr. Took Grenadier Guards.
Took Miss Owen to see "Runaway Mr. Get Daly's boys to let you come to a rehearsal to select a good female singer. December 9th. Etruria of the Cunard Lines cast loose from her mooring to carry me to New York. The lapse of time between my last entry and that of Dec. Hall attempring to force a speedy me About 4 weeks ago Darby was sent to Sweden to make records and I remained in London to make up broken down matrices.
I spent many pleasant evenings at the home of Mr. Owen and for the rest led a typical life of a London bachelor. Sunday proved extremely rough, stormy weather and I - most of the passengers - spent most of that miserable day trying to resist sea-sickness. I succumbed that night and had a chance to know what sort of feeling it is, and hope Had dinner at 18 9 9 I will not experience it again. The sea was mountainous, and dashed with terrific fury against the vessel, often flooding over the deck.
One of the bridges was broken and a boat dislodged. Rough weather continued and retarded our passage considerably and I had to lie on my back to prevent being sick. My room-mate, Mr. Morris of Chicago, was badly affected and had to remain in the Stateroom for 5 days of the trip. Weather just as bad. I could go to the table for meals, but only remain for about 10 minutes, when I would have to make a hasty exit.
DA Irish love song Lang w. DA Little old log cabin in the lane Hays A DA Long ago; a maid sings light MacDowell w. DA Sylvelin Sinding A DA In the hour of trial Lane w. BA Pk. Red Red Red. B A Ronald Bb E Bb E A DA A DA N. Keel What thing is love? Bartlet, arr.
Keel Whither runneth my sweetheart? HILL Where go the boats? Steven son Bb Pk. Easter Hymn arr. DA Ill 12" records : G. BA Caro nome "Rigoletto" Verdi w. DB MKT. BA, Chant hindou Bemberg c X. C H. C lI. C lII. Schubert w. A II. KA LO, here the gentle lark Bishop 76 fl. Fransella c IX. Melba Ccl51 l2. All above PATH w. Hollmann G I. North A AJ TiRN Jerusalem "St. Ronald unpublished A 1. DB MFT. Ronald 2 eds. Ronald unpublished A l.
Wood MRS. Eric Coates 80 It was a lover A his lass B. Coates do. Paul 11 Mendelssohn DB 2 eds. Squire f Sullivan 80 Temple 79 w. Harold Craxton Ac f c D ST. Paul" Mendelssohn Acf White 80 The tears that night M. A X. DB MET. Novello Davies w. Tennent 74 w. ALf Vlt. Uslie Stuart HAo Bennett 77 w. D M. C M.
Pitt Hac c. HO Ac C E. DB J. Ronald 80 c.! Mary's Adams HO af Coldstreaia Gds. Haf iyi7. Coldstream Gds. Haf Novello "Arlette" N. Haf l D L. C L. C J. D B. D23 B.
D28 C. D Good morning, brother sunshine Lehmann w. I 79 HO af Orpheus Qtt. A org. Schubert Pink. A I. Melba A I. DB C. A lX. A Red. Paul" Mendelssohn A V. Cc D L. Cc D B. J POnWe ' rebo ' th8 reed do. How say you, maiden? Pinafore" Sullivan 79 Pinafore" Sullivan Minster Singers A Mr. Smith 79 w. B M. How they ring out their delight Prom the molten golden notes, And all in tune What a liquid ditty floats. And this be the vocation fit, For which the founder fashioned it High, high above earth's hfe, earth's labor E'en to the heaven's blue vault to soar To hover as the thunder's neighbor The very firmament explore To be a voice as from above Like yonder stars so bright and clear,.
Beneficrum non in eo quod fit aut datur consistit sed in ipso dantis aut facientis ammo A benefit consists not in what is done or given, but in the intention of the giver or doer. The nightingale has a lyre of gold. The lark's is a clarion call. And the blackbird plays but a boxwood But I love him best of all For his. Inopi beneficium bis dat, qui dat celeriter He gives a benefit twice who gives quickly SYRUS, in the collection of proverbs known as the Proverbs of Seneca 6.
When the swallows homeward fly, When the roses scattered he, When from neither hill or dale, Chants the silvery nightingale In these words my bleeding heart. Can I, ah' can I, e'er know repose? Among thy leaves that palpitate forever, And in thee, a pining nymph had prisoned The soul, once of some tremulous inland river, Quivering to tell her woe, but ah' dumb, dumb.
Do you ne'er think what wondrous beings these 7 Do you. Hear how the birds, on ev'ry blooming spray, With joyous musick wake the dawning day!
Lest, selling that noble inheritance for a poor mess of perishing pottage, you never enter into His eternal rest. Those golden birds that, in the spice-tune, drop About the gardens, drunk with that sweet food Whose scent hath lur'd them o'er the summer flood,. Esaw selleth his byrthnght for a messe of potage Chapter heading of the Genevan version and Matthew's Bible of Genesis Not in authorized version.
The birds have ceased their songs, All save the blackbird, that from yon tall ash, 'Mid Pinkie's greenery, from his mellow throat, In adoration of the setting sun, Chants forth his evening hymn. Thanking God, whose boundless wisdom makes the flowers of poesy bloom In the forge's dust and cinders, the loom. A slender young Blackbird built in a thorn-tree A spruce little fellow as ever could be, ,. And only just left them to stretch her poorTegs, And pick for a minute the worm she preferred.
Thought there never was seen such a beautiful. His bill was so yellow, his feathers so black, So long was his tail, and so glossy his back, That good Mrs B who sat natchmg her eggs,. Standing beside the blacksmith's door, And hearing the hammers, as they smote The anvils with a different note, Stole from the varying tones, that hung Vibrant on every iron tongue, The secret of the sounding wire, And formed the seven-chorded lyre To a Child L And he sang " Hurra for my handiwork " And the red sparks lit the air, Not alone for the blade was the bright steel '.
Curs'd be that wretch Death's factor sure who brought Dire swords into the peaceful world, and taught Smiths who before could only make The spade, the plough-share, and the rake.
Like birds, whose beauties languish half con cealed, Till, mounted on the wing, their glossy plumes Expanded, shine with azure, green and gold,. Thin partitions do divide The bounds where good and ill reside, That nought is perfect here below, But bliss still bordering upon woe [P 50 See also What are the blessings of the sight? Oh, tell your poor blind boy'. But such a sacred and home-felt delight, Such sober certainty of waking bliss, I never heard till. And a next is under way for little Mr Wren?
Whither away, Bluebird, Whither away? The blast is chill, yet in the upper sky Thou still canst find the color of thy wing, The hue of May Warbler, why speed thy southern flight? Hands across the sea Feet on English ground, The old blood is bold blood, the wide world round.
Of fancied scorn and undeserved disdain. And bear the marks upon a blushing face, Of needless shame, and self-impos'd disgrace. And bid the cheek be ready with a blush Modest as morning when she coldly eyes Trodus and Cressida Oh, swiftly glides the bonme boat, Just parted from the shore, And to the fisher's chorus-note, Soft moves the dipping oar!
From every blush that kindles m thy cheeks, Ten thousand little loves and graces spring Tamerlane. We he and listen to the hisynng waves, Wherein our boat seems sharpening its keel, Which on the sea's face all unthankful graves. Out of the fragrant heart of bloom, The bobolinks are singing, Out of the fragrant heart of bloom The apple-tree whispers to the room,. Faintly as tolls the evening chime, Our voices keep tune and our oars keep tune, Soon as the woods on shore look dun, We'll sing at St Ann's our parting hymn, Row, brothers, row, the stream runs fast, The rapids are near and the daylight's paatt.
Books are the legacies that a great genius mankind, which are delivered down from generation to generation, as presents to the posterity of those who are yet unborn ADDISON Spectator No leaves to Books are delightful when prosperity happily adversity threatens, they are in They grve strength to separable comforters human compacts, nor are grave opinions brought forward without books Arts and sciences, the of no mind which can calculate, depend benefits smiles,.
When Nature had made all her birds, With no more cares to think on, She gave a rippling laugh and out There flew a Bobohnkon Worthy books Are not companions they are solitudes We lose ourselves them and all our cares. That place that does contain books, the best companions, is to me glorious court, where hourly I converse With the old sages and philosophers, And sometimes, for variety, I confer With kings and emperors, and weigh their coun sels.
Books, books, books' I had found the secret of a garret room Piled high with cases in my father's name, Piled high, packed large, where, creeping in and out Among the giant fossils of my past, Like some small nimble mouse between the nbs Of a mastodon, I nibbled here and there At this or that box, pulling through the gap, In heats of terror, haste, victorious joy, The first book first And how I felt it beat Under my pillow, in the morning's dark, An hour before the sun would let me read books' At last, because the time was npe, I chanced upon the poets B BEOWNINQ Aurora Leigh Bk I L 3 I.
In the poorest cottage are Books is one Book, wherein for several thousands of years the spirit of man has found light, and nourishment, and an interpreting response to whatever is Deepest. If a book come from the heart, it will contrive to reach other hearts, all art and authorcraft are of small amount to that. Minstrel or Sage, out of their books are clay, But in then- books, as from their graves they rise Angels that, side by side, upon our way, Walk with and warn us'.
It is chiefly through books that we enjoy in tercourse with superior minds, and these invalu able means of communication are in the reach of In the best books, great men talk to us, all give us their most precious thoughts, and pour their souls into ours.
Of prancing poetry This traverse may the poorest take Without oppress of toll, How frugal is the chariot. Golden volumes' richest treasures, Objects of delicious pleasures' You my eyes rejoicing please, You my hands in rapture seize' Brilliant wits and musing sages, Lights who beam'd through many ages! Left to your conscious leaves their story, And dared to trust you with their glory, And now their hope of fame achiev'd, Dear volumes' you have not deceived!
How pure the joy when first my hands unfold The small, rare volume, black with tarnished. Quicquid agunt homines, votum, timor, ira, voluptas, gaudia, discursus, nostn est farrago hbelh. I have ever gained the most profit, and the most pleasure also, from the books which have made me think the most and, when the diffi culties have once been overcome, these are the books which have struck the deepest root, not my memory and understanding, but like only wise my affections J C AND HAKTI Guesses at Truth.
In angulo cum libello Everywhere I have sought rest and found it not except sitting apart a nook with a little. As good almost kill a mp. The pleasant books, that silently among Our household treasures take familiar places, And are to us as if a living tongue Spake from the printed leaves or pictured faces'.
For fencing wit, or ta carve a breach. Gentlemen use books as Gentlewomen handle their flowers, who the morning stick them m their heads, and at night strawe them at their. O, let my books be then the eloquence And dumb presagers of my speaking breast, Who plead for love and look for recompense More than that tongue that more hath more express'd. And golden verge enclosing thee around, The faithful horn befoie, from age to age Preserving thy invulnerable page Behind thy patron saint in armor shines With sword and lance to guard the sacred lines, Th' instructive handle's at the bottom fixed Lest wrangling critics should pervert the text.
WhenSt Thomas Aquinas was asked in what manner a man might best become learned, he " The homo answered, "By reading one book umus hbn is indeed proverbially formidable to all. Up' up! Neither a borrower nor a lender be For loan oft loses both itself and friend, And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry Hamlet Act I Sc 3 L 75 What question can be here?
Your own true heart Must needs advise you of the only part That may be claim'd again which was but And should be yielded with no discontent, lent,.
O, he's as tedious As is a tir'd horse, a railing wife, Worse than a smoky house, I had rather. One day through the primeval wood calf walked home as good calves should, But made a trail all bent askew,. A hundred thousand men were led By one calf near three They followed centimes dead, still his crooked way And lost a hundred years a day,. You give me back, Phoebus, my bond for four hundred thousand sesterces, lend me rather a hundred thousand more Seek some one else to whom you may vaunt your empty present what I cannot pay you, Phoebus, is my own MARTIAL Epigrams Boston State-house is the hub of the solar system You couldn't pry that out of a Boston man if you had the tire of all creation straight ened out for a crow-bar.
I have granted you much that you asked and yet you never cease to ask of me He who refuses nothing, Atticilla, will soon have nothing to refuse.
Massachusetts has been the wheel within New England, and Boston the wheel within Massa Boston therefore is often called the chusetts "hub of the world," smce it has been the source and fountain of the ideas that have reared and. The brave man seeks not popular applause, Nor, overpower'd with arms, deserts his cause, TJnsham'd, though foil'd, he does the best he can,.
On his imperial throne His valiant peers were placed around, Their brows with roses and with myrtles bound So should desert in arms be crowned. Zwar der Tapfere nennt sich Herr der Lander Durch sein Eisen, durch sein Blut The brave man, indeed, calls himself lord of the land, through his iron, through his. The lovely Thais by his side, Sate like a blooming Eastern bride In flower of youth and beauty's pride Happy, happy, happy pair!
Are touched with a desire to shield and save A mixture of wild beasts and derm-gods Are they now furious as the sweeping wave,. Ashamed to meet the eyes of other men Think each one of his children and his wife, His home, his parents, living yet or dead For them, the absent ones, I supplicate,. Donum statuens, ease certe nullo modo potest No man can be brave who thTnVa pam the greatest evil, nor temperate, who considers pleasure the highest good.
True bravery is shown by performing without witness what one might be capable of doing be fore all the world. Fortes et strenuos etiam contra fortunam tmudos et ignores ad desperationem fonnidme properare The brave and bold persist even against fortune, the turnd and cowardly rush to despair through fear alone TACITUS Annales 46 insistere,.
IV 37, Bk. VH 29, Bk. Omne solum forti patna est The brave find a home in every land Ovro Fasti I 9. Flowery oratory he [Walpole] despised He ascribed to the interested views of themselves or their relatives the declarations of pretended pa triots, of whom he said, "All those men have then- price. Into the service of the tune, and was Discipled of the bravest, he lasted long, But on us both did haggish age steal on And wore us out of act.
Diana's rangers false themselves, yield up Thqjr deer to the stand o the stealer and 'tis gold Which makes the true man kill'd and saves the j. The secret scarcely lisping of thy beautiful abode Among the pines and mosses of yonder shadowy height,.
He makes sweet music with the enameled stones, Giving a gentle kiss to every sedge,. In matters of commerce the fault of the Dutch Is offering too httle and asking too much The French are with equal advantage content So we clap on Dutch bottoms just 20 per cent.
Brook' whose society the poet seeks, Intent his wasted spirits to renew, And whom the curious painter doth pursue Through rocky passes, among flowery creeks, And tracks thee dancing down thy water-breaks. Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep thee Light gams make heavy purses 'Tis good to be merry and wise. Swear, fool, or starve, for the dilemma's even. Hasty and adventurous schemes are at first view flattering, in execution difficult, and m the issue disastrous.
Howel Walsh, in a corporation case tried at the Tralee assizes, observed that a corpora It was a body, it was true, tion cannot blush had certainly a head a new one every year an annual acquisition of intelligence in every new lord mayor Aims he supposed it had, and very long ones too, for it could reach at any Legs, of course, when it made such long throat to swallow the rights of the community, and a stomach to digest them But who ever yet discovered, in the anatomy of any corporation, either bowels or a heart?
Promittunt medici, tractant fabriha fabn Physicians attend to the business of physi cians, and workmen handle the tools of work. Sed tamen amoto quaeramus sena ludo Setting raillery aside, let us attend to senous. Negotii sibi qui volet vim parare, Navem et muherem, hsec duo comparato Nam millm magis res duse plus negotu Habent, forte si occepens exornare Neque unquam satis hffl duse res ornantur,.
Who wishes to give himself an abundance of business let him equip these two things, a ship and a woman For no two things involve more business, if you have begun to fit them out Nor are these two things ever sufficiently adorned, nor is any excess of adornment enough for.
Nam mala emptio semper ingrata est, eo naxime, quod exprobrare stultitiam domino idetur For a dear bargain is always annoying, par on this account, that it is a reflection ticularly on the judgment of the buyer PUNY the Younger Epistles I 24 3. Omnibus nobis ut res dant sese, ita magm atque humiles sumus We all. Do you fear to trust the word of a man, whose honesty you have seen in business?
To business that we love we And go to 't with delight Antony and Cleopatra e. I'll give thrice so much land To any well-deserving friend, But in the way of bargain, mark ye me, I'll. L 27 Whoe'er has gone thro' London street, Has seen a butcher gazing at his meat, And how he keeps Gloating upon a sheep's Or bullock's personals, as if his own, How he admires his halves And quarters and his calves, As if in truth upon his own legs grown. Who finds the heifer dead and bleeding fresh And But sees fast by a butcher with an axe, will suspect 'twas he that made the slaugh ter?
Ill 68,. Gray sail against the sky, Gray butterflv' Have you a dream for going Or are you only the blind wind's blowing? The gold-barr'd butterflies to and fro And over the waterside wander 'd and wove As heedless drift.
Float near me, do not yet depart I Dead tunes revive in thee Thou brmg'st, gay creature as thou art! A solemn image to my heart. How calm, how beautiful comes on The stilly hour, when storms are gone! Melt off, and leave the land and sea! Of fools, who value Nature not a straw, But know to prize the infraction of her law And hard perversion of her creatures' ways! Thee the wild woods await, in leaves attired,.
Bird of the amber beak, Bird of the golden wing! Thy dower is thy carolling, Thou hast not far to seek Thy bread, nor needest wine To make thy utterance divine, Thou art canopied and clothed And unto Song betrothed. No might nor greatness in mortality Can censure 'scape, back-wounding calumny The whitest virtue strikes What king so strong, Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue?
Measure for Measure Whence is yonder flower so strangely bright? Would the sunset's last reflected shine Flame so red from that dead flush of Hot, light?
Old Care has a mortgage on every estate, And that's what you pay for the wealth that you get. No, no, he cannot long hold out these pangs, The incessant care and labour of his mind Hath wrought the mure, that should confine in,. Quei che ti fanno in basso batter Pah! For want of a nail the shoe was lost, for want of a shoe the horse was lost, and for want of a horse the rider was lost, being overtaken and slam by the enemy, all for want of care about a horse-shoe nail.
For the want of a nail the shoe was lost, For the want of a shoe the horse was lost, For the want of a horse the rider was lost, For the want of a rider the battle was lost. For the want of a battle the kingdom was And all for the want of a horseshoe nail Another version of FRA! NXLIN 8. Care keeps his watch in every old man's eye, care lodges, sleep will never he, But where unbnused youth with unstuff d his limbs, there golden sleep Juliet.
Begone, old Care, and I prithee begone from me. Catch Are the tools without, which the carpenter puts forth his hands to; or are they and all the carpentry within himself, and would he not smile at the notion that chest or house is more than he?
What dost thou with thy best apparel on? Ask you what provocation I have had? The house-builder at work in cities or anywhere, The preparatory jointing, squaring, sawing, mor tising,.
The hoist-up of beams, the push of them in their places, laying them regular, Setting the studs by then tenons in the mor tises,. High on a hill a goodly Cedar grewe, Of wond'rous length and streight proportion, That farre abroad her darntie odours threwe, 'Mongst all. And what have kings that privates have not too, 3. Le hasard c'est pout-otto le pseudonyme de Dieu. I shot an arrow into the air It fell to earth I knew not where, For so swiftly it flew, the sight. Chance is blind and is the sole author of creation.
Full from the fount of Joy's delicious springs Some bitter o'er the flowers its bubbling venom. To-day is not yesterday we ourselves change, how can our Works and Thoughts, if they are always to be the fittest, continue always the same? Both are laid in one cold place, In the grave. Can any one find out body will be, I this evening? Quo teneam vultus mutantem Protea nodo?
With what knot shall I hold this Proteus, who so often changes his countenance? The lazy ox wishes for horse-trappings, and the steed wishes to plough I 14 43 Epistles is hfflc. Tune fleeth on, Youth soon is gone, Naught earthly may abide, Life seemeth fast, But may not last It runs as runs the tide. I do not allow myself to suppose that either the convention or the League, have concluded to decide that I am either the greatest or the best man America, but rather they have con cluded it is not best to swap horses whole crossing the river, and have further concluded that I am not so poor a horse that they might not make a botch of it in trying to swap LINCOLN, to a delegation of the National.
All that's bright must fade, The brightest still the fleetest, All that's sweet was made But to be lost when sweetest.
My merry, merry, merry roundelay Concludes with Cupid's curse, They that do change old love for new, Pray gods, they change for worse! Omrua mortah mutantur lege creata, Nee se cognosount terrse vertentibus anms, Et mutant variam faciem per ssecula gentes Everything that is created is changed by the laws of man, the earth does not know itself in the revolution of years, even the races of roan assume various forms in the course of B.
Canton St 3 8. Turn from their office to black funeral, Our instruments to melancholy bells, Our wedding cheer to a sad burial feast, Our solemn hymns to sullen dirges change, Our bridal flowers serve for a buried corse, And all things change them to the contrary Romeo and Juliet Act IV Sc 5 L 84 8. Pull fathom five thy father lies, Of his bones are coral made, Those are pearls that were his eyes Nothing of him that doth fade,.
Men must reap the things they sow, Force from force must ever flow, Or worse, but 'tis a bitter woe That love or reason cannot change.
Zealous, yet modest, innocent, though free, Patient of toil, serene amidst alarms, Inflexible in faith, invincible in. Nay, had I power, I should Pour the sweet milk- of concord into hell, Uproar the universal peace, confound All unity. Your father used to come home to my mother, and why may not I be a chippe of the same block out of which you two were cutte?
In brief, I don't stick to declare, Father Diok, So they call him for short, is a regular bnck. McCormack has sung for no other Talking Machine Company since that date. McCormack sailed for New York on 23 October, 12 and sang for Hammerstein; Calvin Child of the Victor Company heard him, thought that he would be a useful acquisition, and the transatlantic bargaining began.
A note from Calvin Child dated 18 December shows that Victor also had misgivings. Odeon reduced their price by one thousand pounds and McCormack reduced the royalty per record but sought a larger advance. The Gramophone Company was reluctant to share the cost of acquiring McCormack but there was now the possibility of a rival company getting into the act.
Things were getting complicated! Exchanges between the two companies seem to have abated over the Christmas holidays but as two test recordings were made at Camden on 3 January Victor was clearly pressing ahead and the Gramophone Company had to negotiate with Odeon at the London end despite their uncertainties. On 18 January, Child wrote to Alfred Clark, who had by this time returned to England, asking for the release to be obtained as quickly as possible.
Also, in conjunction with his previous note of 18 December, it suggests that Child initially assessed McCormack as an ephemeral artist for the Irish American market who would be very profitable for a short time and then rapidly lose popularity. There was yet another twist to the story. This was a smart move as all the recordings were awaiting issue. Broad reported that Emil Rink of Fonotipia signed the release document and the contract was produced and cancelled.
The Victor Company was informed by cable and a confirmatory letter with the release document was forwarded on 29 January. The bond had finally been severed: the Odeon years were over. What does all this add up to? McCormack seems initially to have overestimated his value, although the fifty percent royalty demand may simply have been an opening gambit in what he knew would be lengthy negotiations. On the other hand Child underestimated McCormack: he wanted him for Victor as a short-term investment and he turned out to be a long-term acquisition.
To Victor, McCormack was an attractive newcomer, but in Britain he was familiar as a leading native tenor and in December he was no more than that.
International success lay in the future — hence their doubts about celebrity label status and sales in Gramophone Company territories outside the United Kingdom. Also, the deal would hardly have gone down well in Gramophone Company circles when they had effectively recruited McCormack in early only for Odeon to cancel the agreement.
Then, the release settlement cost three hundred pounds; now, only two years later they were being asked to pay one thousand pounds. In the end they negotiated the release without being overenthusiastic.
Three months later, when things had calmed down, they were more optimistic. If he makes good at Covent Garden this season, I think he would command a pink label price. He is a young man and it would be unwise in my opinion to imperil the future of what may be a valuable asset, for the sake of striking a blow against a competitor. Nor was the matter concluded there.
In October Child wrote to Alfred Clark about revised arrangements for their celebrity artists engaged after 1 January and suggested that, as McCormack actually signed after that date, costs should be shared under the new agreement. There is no confirmation of this but it appears that the Gramophone Company finally paid up.
The research methods employed here do not, as has already been said, give detailed answers to all of the questions that arise. There are still grey areas, but the Odeon years can be summarized as four recording periods divided equally between the two agencies.
See chart to the right. This still leaves the question of the remade titles. There is no problem where Odeon used another matrix number, as these can be placed within recording sessions. But what if the only distinction is a higher take number?
Barnett Samuel continued to run the Odeon agency until the political and economic ramifications of the war with Germany effectively isolated them from Berlin and he closed the agency. However, the masters survived and McCormack Odeons appeared on various labels on both sides of the Atlantic for a number of years. These recordings, made over a century ago, have had a long life and they are not finished yet. Arthur Brooks, Russell Hunting, Louis Sterling, Barnett Samuel, to say nothing of the tenor himself, would never have dreamt that their work would be so cherished by posterity and that it could all be accommodated on a few small optical discs.
Let us be grateful for their legacy. Some material for this article originally appeared in the Record Collector magazine in April and it appears here by kind permission of the editor, Larry Lustig. Also, I would like to express once more my appreciation to those who assisted with the original article. I must also acknowledge previous discographers who have grappled with the Odeons before me, especially the late Paul Worth, Jim Cartwright, and the late Brian Johnston.
My thanks to all of them and my apologies to anyone who has been inadvertently omitted. Strong gives Odeon contract details on page 48 of his biography of the tenor John. Allen, The documents have no reference numbers.
Unless specifically indicated in the text or notes, all Victor and Gramophone Company material is from this source. Matrix numbers for artists other than McCormack are mainly from this source. It was a feature of Fonotipa recordings of vocal celebrities. Odeon introduced it in about the late summer of Contemporary sources show that he actually sailed on the Mauretania a few days later. Other sources included the trade journals quoted in the text.
In addition, several songs allude to historical events that are now largely forgotten and need to be identified. The following notes provide explanations for each of these unclear references.
In some cases, single words can be clarified with a modern synonym; in others, longer quotations are used where archaic words or phrases need to be seen in context. This was the great rebellion that began in May , when the United Irishmen, founded seven years earlier by Theobald Wolfe Tone, rose up against British rule, with disastrous results.
By the time the conflict ended, less than six months later, there were over thirty thousand casualties on both sides, along with a bitterness that lingers to this day. There were fierce battles at Wexford and Vinegar Hill in June of , but the battle at New Ross on June 5 of that year is remembered as the bloodiest encounter of all.
As every Roman Catholic would know, a soldier risking death in battle would need forgiveness in advance for any serious sin committed; only then could he avoid an eternity in hell. The town of Passage mentioned in the song is a village and small port near Waterford Harbor in County Waterford, not far from the border with County Wexford. The author of the text, Thomas Davis, was a writer and visionary whose work is more than a little reminiscent of the English poet and painter William Blake. The first was the Battle of Thermopylae, where three hundred Greeks died fighting the Persians in B.
According to cherished Roman legend, the brave Horatius and two companions defended this critical position against the entire Etruscan army, enabling the Romans to prevent an enemy invasion. The fact that these allusions to the classical world occur in a nineteenth-century Irish poem is a remarkable comment on the strength and vitality of the culture in which Thomas Davis was writing.
Legend has it that when St. Patrick converted the Irish to Christianity circa A. The fact that Andrew Cherry wrote the song in the latter part of the eighteenth century, when Irish revolutionaries learned the futility of depending on even the most sympathetic allies unsuccessful French attempts to aid the rebels of come to mind , lends even more appropriateness to the lyric.
Other songs contain even more subtle allusions to the Irish past. It was a decline from which Gaelic society never recovered. As a result, wandering bards began to use the literary device of concealing patriotic sentiments in the texts of love songs, as the concept of Ireland was turned into a procession of beautiful women, always addressed in terms of endearment. Aside from the mention of the Erne River, which runs near the border between the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland, the following constructions in the lyric call for our full attention:.
The Erne shall run red With redundance of blood, The earth shall rock beneath our tread And flames wrap hill and wood, And gun-peal and slogan-cry Wake many a glen serene The song concludes with a cosmic allusion to the end of the world, as the lover patriot combines his passion for the Dark Rosaleen with his nationalistic hopes for an Ireland that will always endure:.
Slumbering still? Among creators of Irish song, none is more famous than the nineteenth-century poet Thomas Moore Moore wrote for the drawing rooms of the wealthy English and Anglo-Irish classes and was enormously popular in his day, being, in fact, second only to Lord Byron in sales and popular esteem. The three remaining Moore songs contain several obscurities.
Has love to that soul, so tender, Been like our Lagenian mine Where a sparkle [sic] of golden splendour All over the surface shine—. The Lagenian mine refers to a gold mine in County Wicklow, a discovery that caused a great deal of excitement in Ireland in the early-nineteenth century. The promise of wealth was shortlived, however, when people realized that the only gold to be mined was a small amount of precious ore near the surface. When Deirdre was fourteen, the king wished to marry her, but the young girl had fallen in love with Naoise, one of the three sons of Usnach.
After she was taken to Scotland by the three brothers, Conor sent word that if they all returned to Ulster no harm would come to them.An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon.